Periodontology (Disease And Treatment Of Gum) - Estetik Dental Group

Periodontology is the study of diseases of the tissues surrounding the teeth, in other words, the gums and bones surrounding the tooth roots, and their treatment. People who have a doctorate degree in this field and who are experts in it are periodontists.

Periodontology deals with gum inflammation, periodontal disease, and gingival care. The department of periodontology has developed the most effective treatment process to treat all gum diseases. Every individual regains oral and gum health after receiving the treatment.

How Is Gingival Inflammation Diagnosed?

The gum tissue around the tooth’s base becomes inflamed, red, and swollen as a result of a disease called gingival inflammation. It is typically brought on by a buildup of bacteria or plaque on the teeth. A gingivitis infection should be treated urgently because it can lead to periodontitis, which is a much more dangerous form of gum disease and tooth loss.

Healthy gums are pale pink and firm. During the mild course of gingivitis, people may not have any discomfort or obvious symptoms. Gingivitis may be recognized by the following symptoms:

  • Swollen or puffy-looking gums
  • Bright red gums
  • Bleeding when brushing or flossing
  • Bad breath
  • Gum recession
  • Sensitive gums
  • Rash

What Are The Gingival Diseases? What Are The Symptoms of Gum Disease?

Gum disease is identified by red, swollen, painful, and bleeding gums. Gum disease signs and symptoms include:

  • Gums that bleed when you floss, wash your teeth, or consume hard foods like apples.
  • Red, swollen, and sore gums
  • Bad taste and foul breath
  • Swinging of teeth
  • Your gums are shrinking.

A gum disease can cause tooth loss as much as dental caries if it is not treated in its early stages. For this reason, any gum discomfort should be taken seriously and treated as soon as possible. Additionally, it is unclear if gum disease is a sign of cancer or how to treat it. Both gum disease and gum treatment should be taken seriously. Let’s take a look at gum diseases;

1)  Gum disease

The most prevalent and least severe of these disorders is gingivitis. Most frequently, the bacteria in dental plaques are the cause. Aside from gum edema, redness, a terrible aftertaste in the mouth, and bleeding, this discomfort normally does not cause pain. In some cases, it can result in relatively minor pain. This condition is entirely curable.

2) Prolonged Periodontitis

Another prevalent ailment is chronic periodontitis, which develops very gradually and has very subtle signs. It should be highlighted that the condition, which causes an infection in the tissues supporting the teeth, can have significant consequences like melting the dental bone and creating pockets.

3) Severe Periodontitis

Although less frequent, it is a more serious illness that commonly affects young people. There are two distinct forms of this illness, and hereditary factors play a significant role in both. Both local type and common type can be used to illustrate these. Findings impacting the local type of gingiva are less severe, but bone damage and pocket depth are more severe. Both widespread clinical symptoms and bone loss are advanced. We might say that this illness has a more challenging course of therapy than chronic periodontitis.

4) Periodontal Conditions That Lead to Necrosis

Necrosis is defined as the existence of teeth on top of the triangular-shaped gums that fill the spaces between the teeth. Osteoporosis may develop if therapy is delayed, thus it must be started as soon as feasible. Smokers, people with a stressful lifestyle, people who neglect dental hygiene, and people with AIDS are at an increased risk of developing this illness. The most significant symptom is excruciating agony.

5) Periodontal abscesses and gum abscesses

Gum abscesses can develop as a result of foreign bodies getting inside the gums. The gums in this instance are red, sensitive, and swollen. If left untreated, germs can build up in the periodontal pocket and lead to abscesses that can harm deeper tissues. The symptoms include bleeding, foul-smelling discharge, pain, swelling, and purple gums.

How Is The Treatment Administered?

Gum diseases and treatments should be taken very seriously and people should have a very good oral hygiene routine. Depending on the stage of the disease, the degree of effectiveness of previous treatments, and the general health status, the methods chosen for gum treatment vary. Treatments of gum divide into two surgical and non-surgical treatments.

Non-surgical gingival treatments are as follows:

  • Professional Teeth Cleaning
  • Tooth Scaling and Root Planning

Gum treatments that include surgical application are as follows:

  • Pocket Reduction Surgery
  • Bone Graft
  • Soft Tissue Grafts

Periodontology In Turkey

Founded in Istanbul in 1970, the Foundation of Periodontology is so important and developed in Turkey. Since its start, the Foundation has been preparing the ground for young scientists and academics working in the field to present their papers, exhibit their posters and give conferences.

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Our Aesthetic Dental Group Mouth and Dental Health Polyclinic, which opened in 2021, is situated at an area of 170 m2, with the administrative subfloor in total two floors, and has three treatment rooms.

Our polyclinic has a qualified professional staff who embrace a multidisciplinary work-wise, continually advance themselves, have a vision, follow technology. In our clinic, where all services in oral and dental health are provided

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